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World Spiritual and Celestial Calendar 

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Sept,'04- Oct,'06- Nov,'04- Dec,'04- Jan,'05- Feb,'05- Mar,'05- Apr,'05- May,'05- Jun,'05- July,'05- Aug,'05 

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September, 2004
Named after septem, Latin for “seven”  (Note: The early Latin calendar was 10 months)
Astrological Sign: Virgo (Virgin, Aug. 23–Sept. 22)
 
Celestial Highlights for the month of September:
Summary:
During this month, the morning sky is definitely the center of the action.
On the 1st, Venus and Saturn hang out close together one-third of the way up the eastern sky at 5:30 a.m., with Mercury far below them but getting higher each dawn as this innermost world begins its best morning showing of the year.
On the 10th, an eye-catching triangle formed by the Moon, Venus, and Saturn hovers high above an extremely close conjunction of Mercury and Leo's blue star, Regulus.
On the 13th, Mercury meets the crescent Moon.
From the 12th to the 14th, binoculars show Venus very near Cancer's Beehive star cluster.
Autumn begins with the equinox on the 22nd at 9:30 p.m. PST.
 
Mercury
Named for the Roman messenger god, who flew from Olympus on winged heels, this little planet flits back and forth from morning sky to evening sky, several times a year. Unfortunately, it never strays far from the Sun in our sky, so it's tough to find in the glare. From the northern hemisphere, the best times to see it, in the morning twilight, is the early part of this month, when it looks like a moderately bright star low in the southeast shortly before dawn, getting higher each dawn as this innermost world begins its best morning showing of the year. On the 10th, an extremely close conjunction of Mercury and Leo's blue star, Regulus will occur. On the 13th, Mercury meets the crescent Moon.
 
Venus
Venus, the dazzling star in the morning twilight, outshines all the other stars and planets in the night sky. Venus and Saturn will be in conjunction the 1st of September, close together one-third of the way up the eastern sky at 5:30 a.m.. On the 10th, an eye-catching triangle formed by the Moon, Venus, and Saturn hovers high above an extremely close conjunction of Mercury and Leo's blue star, Regulus. Binoculars show Venus very near Cancer's Beehive star cluster from the 12th to the 14th.
 
Mars
After last year's spectacular appearance in the summer and autumn sky, Mars passes behind the Sun in September. It reemerges in the pre-dawn sky by around Halloween.
 
Jupiter
The largest planet in our solar system is a commanding presence in the night sky for much of the year. It looks like an intensely bright cream-colored star, shining brighter than anything else in the night sky except the Moon and Venus. It will disappear "behind" the Sun in September, but will still be visible in the evening twilight, during the first week of September. Jupiter then returns to view, before dawn, by the middle of October.
 
Saturn
Saturn looks like a golden star in the morning twilight. It spends the entire year in Gemini, although it flirts with the border to Cancer in the fall before reversing direction and moving back toward the center of Gemini. Saturn and Venus will be in conjunction the 1st of September, close together one-third of the way up the eastern sky at 5:30 a.m.. On the 10th, an eye-catching triangle, formed by the Moon, Venus, and Saturn, hovers high above an extremely close conjunction of Mercury and Leo's blue star, Regulus.
 
Uranus
Although it's the third-largest planet in the solar system, it's so far from the Sun that you need binoculars to see it. It spends the year in the constellation Aquarius. It staged its best appearance in August, but will still be visible in the evening twilight, during the first week of September.
 
(August 29) to September 11: Old Egyptian New Year – Old Egyptian festival marking the return to Egypt of Goddess Isis and God Osiris, and the rising Nile River.
Wednesday, September 1:  Conjunction of Venus and Saturn.
Beginning of the Ecclesiastical Year - Orthodox Christian
 
Thursday, September 2: Moon enters Taurus 
Mercury goes retrograde.
 
Sunday, September 5: Moon enters Gemini

Monday, September 6: Last Quarter Moon
Krishan Jayanti – Hindu

Tuesday, September 7: Moon enters Cancer
 
Wednesday, September 8: Nativity of the Theotokos              
Nativity of Mary - Orthodox Christian celebration of birth of the Virgin Mary.
  
Friday, September 10: Moon enters Leo
The Moon, Venus, and Saturn form an eye-catching triangle that hovers high above an extremely close conjunction of Mercury and Leo's blue star, Regulus.
 
Sunday, September 12: Moon enters Virgo
Sunday, September 12 - 14: Venus nears Cancer's Beehive star cluster. Best viewed with binoculars.
Lailat al Miraj - Islam
Old Egyptian festival of Neteru Amen and Hapi. Offerings were made to secure a good flooding of the Nile River.
 
Monday, September 13: Mercury meets the crescent Moon.
 
Tuesday, September 14: New Moon
Moon enters Virgo
Tuesday, September 14 - 17: Iroquois Squash Ceremony - Thanksgiving for the squash harvest. Iroquois rites also include the secret Little Water Ceremony for preserving the potency of medicine and Dark Dance for appeasing spirits.
Elevation of the Life Giving Cross - Orthodox Christian
Holy Cross Day - Christian
 
Wednesday, September 15: Moon enters Libra 
Wednesday, September 15 - 16: Old Egyptian Wag Festival - Honoring the dead and Neter Osiris . Food was brought to the tombs and shared with the dead.
Boedromion Noumenia - Old Greek festival honoring all the Gods and Goddesses. Flutes were played, prayers were said, offerings of barley, olive oil, incense, and food were burned in an offering hearth, and libations of water and wine were made.
 
Thursday, September 16: Rosh Hashanah – Jewish New Year begins at sundown. A time of introspection, abstinence, prayer and penitence. The story of Abraham is read, the ram's horn is sounded, and special foods are prepared and shared.
September 16 - 17: Old Egyptian festival of Neter Thoth, God of Knowledge and Wisdom.
 
Friday, September 17: Moon enters Scorpio
Friday, September 17 eve - 18 eve: Feast of Old Greek Goddess Athena - as protector and defender.
Saturday, September 18: Ganesh Chaturthi – Hindu
Saturday, September 18 eve - 19 eve: Feast of Old Greek Deities Aphrodite and Hermes - Day to honor the divine feminine and divine masculine in harmony.
 
 
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Sunday, September 19: Old Egyptian Great Procession of Neter Osiris - The image of Osiris was transported on a bark to the tombs.
Tzom Gedaliah
                  
September 19 eve - 20 eve: Genesia - Old Greek festival in which offerings were made for the dead.
 
Monday, September 20 eve to 21 eve: Feast of Old Greek Goddess Artemis - The huntress, destroyer of life. Also celerated as the Roman Goddess Diana and the Slavic Goddess Diwitsa.
 
Tuesday, September 21: First Quarter Moon
Moon enters Capricorn.
International Day of Peace – A day to demonstrate for peace with justice throughout the world. Also known as “U.N. International Day of Peace.”
 
Wednesday, September 22, 9:30pm PST:  The Fall (Autumnal) Equinox begins. There will be equal amounts of day and night. Also called: Mabon, Michaelmas. It is the main Wiccan time of harvest and a festival of thanksgiving, the beginning of Autumn and preparation for cold weather. It is a time of ritual harvest offerings, introspection, meditation, chanting and offering ritual thanks, facing the four directions of North, East, South, and West.
Sun enters sign of Libra.

Wednesday, September 22 - 23: Coya Rayni - Inca festival honoring Moon Goddess Quilla. The focus is on purging sickness and evil.
Thursday, September 23: Moon enters Aquarius
 
Friday, September 24: Indigenous Peoples' Day – A day for celebrating the life-affirming spiritual traditions of indigenous peoples world-wide. Also known as “Native Americans Day”, “First Nations Day.”
 

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Saturday, September 25: Moon enters Pisces 
PeaceFest – A sacred festival of global peace and harmony, a day of atunement. Join other musicians, dancers, artists and healers by bringing your instruments to the PeaceFest, in support of global healing and transformation. Experience and participate in sacred circles and ceremonies, devotional singing, drums for peace, free form dancing, yoga, and tai chi.
Over the past 25 years The Global Peace Foundation has been gathening national and international support for an inspired project: the conversion of Alcatraz Island into a Global Peace Center.
The event will be held at Speedway Meadows, located in the very center of Golden Gate Park, in San Francisco. Admission is free.
 
PeaceFest 2004 Highlights: 

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Saturday, September 25: Yom Kippur – Jewish
                       
Sunday, September 26 eve - 27 eve: Demokratia - Old Greek festival celebrating democracy, constitutional government, and justice under law. Zeus Agoraios, Athena Agoraias, and Themis were honored.
 
Monday, September 27: Moon enters Aries
Monday, September 27 eve – October 6 eve: Greater Eleusinian Mysteries - Old Greek festival recalling Goddess Demeter's search for Her missing daughter Kore. Devotees fasted, ritually bathed in the sea, processed by torch-light to the temple, and made ritual offerings. They honored Demeter (as Mother Nature), Goddess Kore (as the harvested grain), and God Dionysos (as the harvested grape) for bringing life, death, and rebirth.
 
Tuesday, September 28: Full Moon. Also known as Harvest Moon, the traditional name for the Full Moon in September.
Moon enters Aries.
Beginning of Old Egyptian Akhet/Inundation month of Menkhet/Paopi, dedicated to Neteru Amen-Ra-Atem and Amenet-Rait-Mut. Priests and priestesses read hymns of thanksgiving to the Neteru (Gods and Goddesses).

September 28 – October 6: Navajo Sing – A festival in thanksgiving for the harvest. Estsanatlehi/Changing Woman is believed to represent life, and is manifested in the harvest.
 
Wednesday, September 29: Michael and All Angels – Christian. Also known as Mass of the Archangels.
         
Thursday, September 30: Moon enters Taurus 
Lailat al Bara'ah - Islam
Sukkot begins - Jewish Feast of Tabernacles which celebrates the harvest and the protection of the people of Israel as they wandered in the wilderness dwelling in tents.
 


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Venus
Venus, usually the dazzling star, will be barely visible in the evening twilight, early in the month, but by month's end, be even more difficult to view as it vanishes into the Sun's glare.
 
Mars
Mars is just too close to the Sun to be easily observed this month. Barely visible in the morning twilight, Mars reaches conjunction with the sun on the 23rd, before slipping behind the Sun.
 
Jupiter
Jupiter, in Libra, will continue to be viewed low in the evening twilight through the end of October. The largest planet in our solar system, will also be visible in the morning twilight. By month's end, Jupiter will be difficult to view as it vanishes into the Sun's glare, but not before making a meeting with Mercury, from the 25th through the 28th. On October 25, Jupiter and Mercury will make a close approach (as viewed from Earth). Look low after the sun sets. Jupiter will be directly above Mercury.
 
Saturn
In the constellation Leo, is easily visible, but not until 2:30am. Saturn looks like a golden star in the eqstern morning twilight.  On October 16, Saturn passes near the waning crescent Moon.
 
Uranus
Although it's the third-largest planet in the solar system, the greenish planet is best viewed with binoculars, under a clear, dark sky. Located in Aquarius, Uranus is Visible in the evening twilight. For you first-timers, Uranus will be visible (with binoculars) on October 4th, about one Moon diameter above the waxing Moon.


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December, 2004
Named after "decem", Latin for “ten”  (Note: The early Latin calendar was 10 months).
Astrological Sign: Sagittarius (Archer, Hunter, Huntress,
Nov. 22–Dec. 21)
 
Celestial Highlights for the month of December: 
Mercury will be visible in the evening twilight, from December 1 - 4, and in the morning twilight, from December 16 - 31.
Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn will be visible in the morning twilight, from December 16 - 31.
On the predawn morning stage, Venus ventures close to Mars from the 5th to the 7th and close to Mercury starting on the 26th in a leisurely three-week conjunction that becomes extraordinarily compact in January. The event caps Mercury's period of fairly good visibility that began in midmonth.
Saturn rises by 7:00 p.m. in midmonth, becoming brighter and telescopically larger as it heads for its mid-January opposition (closest approach to Earth).
Uranus, visible with binoculars in the evening twilight, from December 1 - 4.
Winter, and the longest night of 2004, arrives with the solstice on the 21st at 4:42 a.m. PST, even though the year's earliest sunset occurs two weeks earlier.
Tuesday, December 21, 4:42am PST, Sun enters sign of Capricorn (the Goat).
Geminid Meteor Showers - December 7 eve - 15 eve (peaks Tuesday, December 14). The radiant point for this shower will be in the constellation of Gemini. Ideal moonless conditions prevail for the reliable one-a-minute, all-night Geminid meteors on the night of the 13th -14th.
Ursid Meteor Showers - December 17 eve - 24 eve (peaks Wednesday, December 22.
 
Saturday, December 4: Moon enters Virgo.
 
Sunday, December 5: Sundays of Advent continue - Christian 
 
Tuesday, December 7 eve - 15 eve: Geminid Meteor Showers (peak Tuesday evening, December 14th).
 
Wednesday, December 8: Bodhi Day (Rohatsu) - Buddhist celebration of the time when Prince Gautama took his place under the Bodhi tree, vowing to remain there until he attained supreme enlightenment.  
Immaculate Conception of Blessed Virgin Mary - Roman Catholic (Christian) day of
celebrating the belief that Mary, mother of Jesus, was preserved from original sin all of her life. A day of obligation and required church attendance.
Hanukkah begins at sundown.
December 8 - 15: Hanukkah - Jewish Festival of Lights. It commemorates the Maccabean recapture and rededication of the Jerusalem Temple in 165-164 b.c.e. Special readings and praise songs focus on liberty and freedom. The eight candle Menorah is lighted. 
December 8 - 26: Old Egyptian Sokar Festival/Khoiak Ceremonies. It commemorates Neteret Isis seeking out and finding the scattered remains of Neter Osiris.
 
Saturday, December 11: Moon enters Sagittarius.
 
Sunday, December 12: New Moon.
Sundays of Advent continue - Christian. 
Advent Fast begins - Orthodox Christian.
Feast day - Our Lady of Guadalupe - Catholic Christian.
Virgin of Guadalupe. Also called: "Feast day", "Our Lady of Guadalupe" 'First  Appearance of Our Lady of Guadalupe", "Mother of God" and "Mother of the Oppressed" - Catholic Christian. Honoring of a legendary appearance of the Virgin Mary, at the former shrine of Aztec Moon Goddess Coatlicue (Mexico 1531).
 
Monday, December 13 - 15: Geminids Meteor Shower. This will be a great year for the Geminids. The moon will be totally absent after sunset so even the faintest meteors can be seen. The radiant point for this shower will be in the constellation of Gemini. Look to the East after midnight.
December 13: Feast of the Light-bringer--honoring Goddess as Juno Lucina (Old Roman) and 
Lucia (Old Swedish). Both merged with the Christian feast of St. Lucia.
December 13 eve - 14 eve: Poseideon Noumenia - Old Greek festival honoring all the Gods and Goddesses. Flutes were played, prayers were said, offerings of barley, olive oil,
incense, and food were burned in an offering hearth, and libations of water and wine were made.
 
Tuesday, December 14 eve: Geminid Meteor Showers peak. The radiant point for this shower will be in the constellation of Gemini. Look to the East after midnight. Ideal moonless conditions prevail for the reliable one-a-minute, all-night Geminid meteors on the night of the 13th -14th.
 
Wednesday, December 15 eve - 16 eve: Feast of Old Greek Goddess Athena - as protector and defender.
 
Thursday, December 16 eve - 17 eve: Feast of Old Greek Deities Aphrodite and
Hermes. A day to honor the divine feminine and divine masculine in harmony.
 
Friday, December 17: Mercury goes retrograde.
December 17 eve - 24 eve: Ursid Meteor Showers (peak on the 22nd).
December 17 - 23: Saturnalia/Opalia - Old Roman festival honoring God Saturn (the weak Sun) and Goddess Ops (the fallow Earth). Celebrated with gift-giving, revelry, and abolishment of all class distinctions.
 
Saturday, December 18: Moon enters Pisces.
 
Sunday, December 19: Mercury retrograde ends 10:28pm, PST.
Last Sunday of Advent - Christian.
 
Monday, December 20 eve - 21 eve: Feast of God Poseidon, Goddess Amphritrite, and all Old Greek Gods and Goddesses of the seas. 
 
Tuesday, December 21, 4:42am PST: Winter Solstice. Winter begins (in the northern hemisphere). The Sun is at its lowest point in the sky and it will be the shortest day of the year. 
Sun enters sign of Capricorn (the Goat).
Winter Solstice (Wicca) . Also called: Christmas, Yule (Christian), Jul, , solar/secular New Year, Saturnalia. This is a time to celebrate the birth of the new Solar year and the beginning of Winter in the northern hemisphere. The ancient pagan custom began the day with a sunrise ritual, with the ringing of bells or chimes, then visits with friends and family to exchange warm greetings and gifts. It is a joyous, colorful festival accented with singing, feasting, evergreen wreaths, candles, Yule trees, mistletoe, holly, and burning Yule logs. A celebration of the darkness with dancing near the hearth fire.
Christmas - A season of the Christian year following Advent and preceding Epiphany.
Yule - Christian.
St Thomas the Apostle - Christian.
December 21 - 22: Old European Festival of Evergreen Trees. Merged into International
Arbor Day. Celebrated by planting trees and hanging wreaths (symbols of eternal life).
December 21 - 25: Old Egyptian festival of Goddess Isis, the Magna Mater (Mother of God and Mother of All) giving birth to God Horus.
December 21 - January 9: Hopi and Zuni Soyala New Year Festival of purification and renewal. Homes are cleaned, fires doused, and personal restraint is observed.

Wednesday, December 22: Ursid Meteor Showers peak.
 
Friday, December 24: Christmas Eve - Christian celebration of the arrival of Mary and Joseph in Bethlehem for the birth of Jesus. It is observed with worship, candle lighting, manger scenes and festive meals.
 
Saturday, December 25: Christmas Day (Nativity of Jesus) - Christian celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ. Observed by prayers, exchanging of gifts, and family parties.
Feast Day of the Nativity - Orthodox Christian.
December 25 eve - January 5 eve: Yule - Old Anglo-Teutonic festival honoring Freyr and Freyja (Deities of Fertility) and the new-born Balder (God of Light), son of Frigg and Odin. Celebrated with evergreens, fires, and feasting.
 
Sunday, December 26:  Full Moon. Traditional and unique names for the full moon in December: Before Yule Moon, Long Night Moon.
Moon enters Cancer.
Zarathosht Diso (Death of Prophet Zarathushtra) - Zoroastrian
Death of Prophet Zarathushtra (Zarathosht Diso) (Fasali)  - Zoroastrian
Saint Stephen's Day - Christian remembrance of St Stephen, the first Christian martyr. 
December 26 - January 1: Kwanzaa - Interfaith. An African American and Pan-African
holiday celebrating family, community and culture, Kwanzaa is observed in many religious communities. Seven life virtues are presented. 

Monday, December 27: St John, Apostle & Evangelist - Christian
Beginning of Old Egyptian Proyet/Emergence month of Shefbedet/Tobi. Priests
and priestesses read hymns of praise to the Neteru (Gods and Goddesses).
December 27 eve - January eve: Rustic Dionysia - Old Greek festival honoring God Dionysos as patron of drama, poetry, music, and inspiration.
 
Tuesday, December 28: Holy Innocents - Anglican Christian day of solemn memory of male children killed by King Herod in the attempt to destroy Jesus. 
Holy Family of Jesus, Mary, Joseph - Catholic Christian celebration of the love between
the family of Jesus.
 
Friday, December 31: Feast of Father Time, who ultimately overcomes us all.
December 31 eve to January 1 eve: Old Greek festival in which offerings were made to the Wind Gods of the eight directions.

 
 


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Celestial Highlights for the month of January:
Venus and Mercury, gather as bright planets in the predawn east and are very close together, 30 to 45 minutes before dawn, in an exceptionally long-lived conjunction best seen during the first half of the month. Hovering just above them is Mars, not quite as bright as nearby Antares, in Scorpius. Mars quickly moves into Ophiuchus for the rest of the month.
Monday, January 1 – 5: Quadrantids Meteor Shower peak Tuesday, January 4, radiant in constellation of Bootes (The closest bright star is Gamma Bootes). They're called the Quadrantids because they were originally found in a now defunct constellation "Quadrans Muralis". Look to the Northeast 4:00am to 6:00am. The bright Moon will be above the horizon almost the entire night, so this is not the best year to view the Quadrantids. Under ideal conditions it’s possible to see 120 meteors an hour.
Monday, January 3:  Earth at Perihelian (shortest orbital distance between Earth and the Sun, 0.983 Astronomical Units).
Jupiter, in the constellation Virgo, starts rising before midnight.
Saturn in opposition (closest approach) Thursday, January 13, is at its biggest and brightest. Visible in the constellation Gemini, it will be high overhead at midnight.

Septuagesima - Western Christian Religious Festival
 
Tuesday, January 25: Full Moon. Traditional and Unique Names for the Full Moon in January: Old Moon, Moon after Yule.
Tu B'Shevat - Hebrew Festival
 
Saturday, January 29: Mercury enters Aquarius
 
Sunday, January 30: Sexagesima - Western Christian Religious Festival 
                    
Monday, January 31:  Moon occults Jupiter  


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February, 2005

Named after Februalia, a time period when sacrifices were made to atone for sins.
Astrological Sign: Aquarius (Water Bearer, Jan. 20 - Feb. 18)

Celestial Highlights for the month of February:
Venus and Mercury, last month's predawn performers, are now too close to the Sun to be seen.
Mars, in Sagittarius all month, is still not very bright as it climbs higher in predawn twilight.
Brilliant Jupiter is up in the east by 10:00 p.m. and out all night thereafter.
Saturn is February's highlight world, nicely up in the northeast at nightfall and high overhead at 10:00 p.m., almost
directly above blue-white Sirius, the only star that outshines the ringed world.
The Moon hovers close to greenish Uranus on the 9th (binoculars needed), near Saturn on the 19th, and alongside Jupiter on
the 26th.
The year's brightest concentration of stars - centered on Orion - now hovers prominently high at nightfall.

Tuesday, February 1:  Last quarter Moon. 

Jupiter goes retrograde.

Oimelc / Brigid / Imbolic (Northern Hemisphere) - Pagan/Celtic.

Tuesday, February 1 - 14:  Old Greek festival of God Dionysos, in which vines were pruned and sprinkled with wine, accompanied by ritual singing and dancing - Pagan.

Tuesday, February 1 - 28: February dedicated to Old Roman God-Goddess Februus-Februa, purifier and protector of the home. Homes were cleaned and blessed, offerings of reparation were given, and peace was made.

Wednesday, February 2:  Venus enters Aquarius.

Candlemas - Christian.

Yoruba/Santeria feast of Oya, Orisha of death and rebirth. Yorubas/Santeros believe the Orishas are emanations and messengers of the one Deity, Olodumare - African.

Presentation of Christ in the Temple - Orthodox Religious Festival

Groundhog Day - According to legend, if the groundhog sees its shadow, you should expect 6 more weeks of winter, and if it doesn't, winter is over and you should expect milder conditions. Years ago, there was a German legend that referred to a bear or badger foretelling the weather on February 1st. While the German legend seems to be the origin of our Groundhog Day, no one knows how the animal was changed from a bear or badger to a groundhog.

Wednesday, February 2 - 8:  Carnival/Meat Fare - Christian time of feasting, dancing, and revelry. Ends on Shrove Tuesday/Mardi Gras, final day before Lent.
 
Thursday, February 3:  Moon enters Sagittarius.

Thursday, February 3 - 4:  Setsubun-Sai (Bean Scattering Festival) - Shinto rite in which good fortune is invoked and evil exorcised.

Wednesday, February 5:  Moon enters Capricorn.

Mindfulness Day - Zen Buddhist day for being mindful that you, and all that is, are in the process of transformation.

Wednesday, February 5 - 6:  Feast of Old Egyptian Goddess Isis, the Healer, recalls Set (God of Challenges and Chaos) poisoning child God Horus, and Isis intervening, defeating Set, and healing Horus - Pagan.

Sunday, February 6:  Mars enters Capricorn.

Quinquagesima - Western Christian Religious Festival.

Monday, February 7:  Moon enters Aquarius.

Baha'i feast honoring the one Deity as Mulk - Sacred Dominion. Baha'is believe in the oneness of all humanity.

Monday, February 7 eve to 10 eve:  Old European Lunar New Year - Celebration of the Triple Goddess (Goddess of the Moon and the Seasons) being transformed from the Crone into the Virgin. Celebrated with ritual bathing of divine images - Pagan.

Tuesday, February 8:  New Moon.

Sojong Day - Tibetan Buddhist day of fasting, confession, and reparation for harm done. Buddhists study sacred texts, meditate, pray, chant mantras, and make devotional offerings to the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas. Observed primarily by monks and nuns. Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on the Buddha's teachings and strive to fulfill the Precepts.

Shrove Tuesday (Mardi Gras) - Western Christian Religious Festival.

Wednesday, February 9:  Moon enters Pisces.
                      
Wednesday, February 9 eve - 10 eve:  Anthesterion Noumenia - Old Greek festival honoring all the Gods and Goddesses. Flutes
were playedm, prayers were said, offerings of barley, olive oil, incense, and food were burned in an offering hearth, and libations of water and wine were made - Pagan.

Wednesday, February 9 - 12:  Hsih Nien/Suhl/Tet - Chinese and East Asian Lunar New Year (Year 4703: the Rooster).

Wednesday, February 9 - 24:  Losar/Tibetan Buddhist New Year (Year 2132: the Wood Bird) & Monlam Chenmo/Great Prayer Festival. Commemorates miracles performed by the Buddha. Rituals, dances, and sculptures are offered to drive out evil spirits and to protect and benefit all sentient beings.

Wednesday, February 9 - March 24:  Ash Wednesday (fast day) and Lent - A Christian time of purification by self-reflection, peace-making, reparation for harm done, and helping those in need. Some also abstain from meat on Fridays.

Wednesday, February 9 eve - 19 eve:  Muharram/Muslim New Year (Year 1426) & A'ashurah. The Prophet Muhammad is the Father of Islam.

Thursday, February 10:  Remembrance day for Muhyi ad-Din Ibn El-Arabi (d. 1240), Sufi saint who honored Deity as a unity manifested in all Nature, both genders, and countless forms.

Friday, February 11:  Moon enters Aries.

Juno enters Pisces.

First appearance of Our Lady of Lourdes, Lady of healing waters (France 1858) - Christian.

Saturday, February 12 eve - 13 eve:  Feast of Old Greek Deities Aphrodite and Eros - Day to honor love and passion - Pagan.

Saturday, February 12 - 20:  Iroquois Mid-Winter Ceremony - for continuation of all life-sustaining things, celebrated with tobacco offerings, confession of offenses, singing, drumming, dancing, name- giving, and dream-telling.

Sunday, February 13:  Moon enters Taurus.

Sarasvati Puja - Hindu festival honoring Goddess Sarasvati, who represents wisdom, intellect, and knowledge, as well as inspiration, arts, and music.

Sunday, February 13 - 15:  Lupercalia/St. Valentine's Day - Old Roman festival of God-Goddess Faunus- Fauna. Later merged with the Christian feast of St. Valentine - celebrating love of all kinds.

Monday, February 14:  Beginning of Old Egyptian Proyet/Emergence month of Paenrenenutet/Pharmouthi, dedicated to Neteret Renenutet and Neter Nepri. Priests and priestesses made offerings of food and drink to the Neteru (Gods and Goddesses) to ensure that all people had abundant food and drink.

Monday, February 14 eve - 15 eve:  Pagan Feast of Old Greek Goddess Artemis (Roman Diana/Slavic Diwitsa) - as creatrix, midwife of birthing creatures, protector of the young, and punisher of child abusers.

Tuesday, February 15:  First Quarter Moon.
                     
Moon enters Gemini.

Nehan - Zen Buddhist celebration of the Buddha's paranirvana (483 BCE). Forms of Buddhism include Theravada, Tantra (Tibetan), and Mahayana (Zen and Pure Land).

Wednesday, February 16:  Mercury enters Pisces.

Tibetan Buddhist fast of Bodhisattva Goddess Tara. All are equal in Her circles. She is worshipped with meditations on mandalas and chanting of mantra.

Thursday, February 17:  Toshigoi - Shinto rite honoring the Kami and offering prayers for a bountiful rice harvest.

Thursday, February 17 - 18:  Old Egyptian festival of Neteret Bastet, Goddess of Domestic Harmony. Her image was transported outside the temple on a bark.

Friday, February 18:  Moon enters Cancer.

Sun enters Pisces.

Saturday, February 19:  Ashoura - Muslim / Islam

February 19 eve - 22 eve:  Anthesteria - Old Pagan Greek festival honoring Dionysos as Plouton, God of the dead, and welcoming the visiting dead from Elysium. The new wine was presented to Dionysos, and libations were made.

Sunday, February 20:  Moon enters Leo.

Triodon - Orthodox Religious Festival

Monday, February 21:  Chiron enters Aquarius.

Tuesday, February 22:  Caristia - Old Roman festival for renewing family ties and patching up quarrels - Pagan.

Wednesday, February 23:  Full Moon. Traditional and Unique Names for the Full Moon in February: Snow Moon, Hunger Moon, Wolf Moon, Big Winter Moon, Horning Moon, Ice Moon, Red Cleansing Moon, Storm Moon, Sun Moon, Quickening Moon, Wild Moon.

Moon enters Virgo.

Purim Katan - Hebrew Festival.

Wednesday, February 23 - March 3:  Navajo Sing - Festival in which fields are blessed in preparation for planting. Navajos believe Estsanatlehi/Changing Woman wields the power to constantly create and change the world.

Thursday, February 24:  Day Mahayana and Tibetan Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God Amitabha/Omito/Amida to gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana.

Friday, February 25:  Moon enters Libra.

Norriture Rituelle des sources tÍt d' l'eau - Voudon

Saturday, February 26:  Venus enters Pisces.

Saturday, February 26 - March 1:  Intercalary Days - Baha'is prepare for the Fast with festivities, gift-giving, and helping those in need.

Monday, February 28:  Moon enters Scorpio.

Monday,  February 28 eve - 7 eve:  Lesser Eleusinian Mysteries - Old Pagan Greek festival celebrating the marriage of Goddess Kore and God Dionysos, following their return from Elysium. Dionysos was identified with Plouton at Eleusis. While Demeter believed Her to daughter to have been abducted and raped by Dionysos-Plouton, from the perspective of Kore-Persephone and Dionysos-Plouton, it was an elopement. Devotees dedicated themselves to service of Goddess and God after being purified by water and fire - Pagan. 


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Mercury offers its best display of the year. Straight above the sunset point, in the faint constellation Pisces, it's the only "star" low in deepening twilight, 40 minutes after sunset. The Moon acts as guide on the 11th, floating just left of the ruddy planet. Mercury will be most brilliant when it's on the far side of its orbit, during the first 10 days of the month.
Mars will be visible in the morning twilight, in the second half of the month.
Jupiter rises after nightfall and is visible throughout the night, in the second half of the month.
Saturn stands high overhead and will remain visible most of the night.
Uranus will be visible with binoculars in the morning twilight, in the second half of the month.
The Moon hovers near Saturn on the 18th and 19th, and near Jupiter on the 25th and 26th.
Spring begins with the vernal equinox on the 20th, at 4:33 a.m. PST.

Sunday, March 20, 4:33am:  Spring (or Vernal) Equinox. The first day of spring, the time when the vertical rays of the sun
crosses the equator, making night and day of equal length on all parts of the earth. Celebrates first, annual, and perpetual creation with egg hunts and exchanges.
                                                   Mars enters Aquarius.
                                                   Sun enters Aries.
                                                   Palm Sunday - A Christian feast marking Savior Jesus' entrance into Jerusalem to teach love and justice for
all humanity and to sacrifice Himself for the liberation and redemption of all.
Monday, March 21:  Naw Ruz - Baha'i New Year (Year 161) and feast honoring the one Deity as Baha - Splendor.
                                      Hindu day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Vishnu. Flowers, incense, lamps,
and vegetarian food are offered; bells are rung and drums beaten.
                                      Haru-no-Higan - A day Japanese Buddhists mark the time of change by meditating on the impermanence of
death.
                                      Naw Ruz - Zoroastrian New Year and celebration of Divine Spirit Asha Vahishta, creator and protector of
fire.
                                      Taoist festival honoring the Shen (Deities) of Water, East, and Spring; prayers are made for growth.
Friday, March 25:  Full Moon. Traditional and Unique Names for the Full Moon in March: Crow Moon, Hertha's Moon, Lenten Moon, Moon of the Snow-blind, Moon of Winds, Plow Moon, Renewal Month, Sap Moon, Seed Moon, Worm Moon.
                                   Moon enters Libra.
                                   Passion Friday - A Fast day to mourn the torture and killing of Savior Jesus by civil and religious
authorities, and to contemplate the sacrifice made for the liberation and redemption of all.
                                   Annunciation Day - A Christian feast commemorating Blessed Mary's fiat: choosing to conceive Child Jesus by
the power of the Holy Spirit and to become catalyst of liberation and redemption.
                                   Day Mahayana and Tibetan Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God Amitabha/Omito/Amida to
gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana.
                                   Yoruba/Santeria feast of Oshun, Orisha of passion and fertility.


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                                           Penumbral Lunar Eclipse - The year's first lunar eclipse is a deep penumbral event visible from most of the Western Hemisphere. First and last penumbral occurrences occur at 12:50am, April 24 (April 23 eve) and 5:00am, April 24, respectively. Penumbral eclipses are difficult to observe. Nevertheless, a subtle yet distinct shading should be visible across the northern half of the Moon, especially during the one hour period centered on maximum. Greatest eclipse occurs at 2:30am. 
Saturday, April 23 - May 1 eve: Passover/Pesach - Jewish festival recalling their deliverance from slavery in Egypt and
celebrating freedom from oppression. Observed with dietary restrictions, the Seder meal (representing their hardships), and recitation of the Haggadah (relating the Exodus).
Saturday, April 30: Moon Enters Aquarius.
                                    Mars Enters Pisces.
Saturday, April 30 eve - May 5 eve: Mid-Spring/May Day/Walpurgis - Celebrates sacred love and the flowering vegetation by
gathering flowers and dancing around a Maypole.
Saturday, April 30 eve - May 2 eve: Beltaine--Old Celtic/Welsh feast of Blodeuwedd (Goddess of Flowers) and Llew (the Oak
King - God of the waxing Sun).
Saturday, April 30 - May 4: Zoroastrian celebration of Divine Spirit Khshathra Vairya (Power), creator and protector of the
Sky. Zoroastrians worship the one transcendent and immanent Deity Ahura Mazda, who is symbolized by a sacred fire.
Saturday, April 30 eve - May 5 eve: Mid-Spring/May Day/Walpurgis - Celebrates sacred love and the flowering vegetation by
gathering flowers and dancing around a Maypole. 


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Mercury is visible, in the morning twilight, for most of the month.
Venus, in Taurus, reemerges as an evening star, May 8th, extremely low in the west a half hour after sunset. The Moon can be
seen alongside it on the 8th, as a thin crescent. Venus will be visible for the remainder of the month.
Mars, visible after midnight, in Aquarius, hovers next to Uranus from the 14th to the 17th. Use binoculars to view the
orange-and-green planetary combo. The Moon joins Mars on the 31st.
Jupiter is the bright evening star, nearly all night long. It is closely joined by the Moon on the 19th.
Saturn is visible in the evening twilight, in the west, setting around midnight.
Uranus is visible in the morning twilight.
The Eta Aquarids Meteor Shower, which is active from April 21 to May 12, reaches maximum activity May 4-5. Seen to the
east-southeast, in the constellation Aquarius, two hours before dawn, the Eta Aquarids is a worthy springtime shower. Created by debris from Halley's Comet, the bright meteors are very swift, with long yellow trails, and an occasional fireball. Expect to view about ten meteors per hour.  
Monday, May 23: Full Moon. Full moon names for May: Full Flower Moon, May Full Corn Planting Moon, Full Milk Moon.
                                  Moon enters Sagittarius.
                                  Birthday of Guru Amar Das Sahib, third Sikh guru, commemorated.
                                  Saga Dawa Duchen - Tibetan Buddhist festival celebrating the birth, enlightenment, and parinirvana of Buddha
Siddhartha Gautama.
                                  Amitabha Buddha Day - A day Mahayana and Tibetan Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God
Amitabha/Omito/Amida to gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana.
                                  Birthday of Margaret Fuller (1810). Transcendentalist and feminist who argued that women, as well as men,
have immortal souls.


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Celestial highlights for the month of June:
Mercury is visible, low on the horizon, from June 11 to June 30, in the evening twilight, right after sunset.
Venus is visible in the evening twilight, in the constellation Gemini. The Moon joins it on the 7th, forms a triangle with
Venus and Saturn on the 8th.
Mars is visible in the morning twilight. The Moon joins it in the early hours of the 29th.
Jupiter is visible in the evening twilight. The Moon joins it on the 15th.
Saturn is visible in the evening twilight. The Moon joins it on the 9th.
Uranus is visible in the morning twilight, with binoculars.
Summer arrives with the solstice on the 20th, at 11:46pm, PST.
A brilliant three-way meeting of Mercury, Venus, and Saturn happens 30 to 60 minutes after sunset on the 24th, low in the
west.
Venus and Mercury merge close together on the 25th, and on the 26th they seem to merge into one dazzling "star," with Saturn
just below.
 
Wednesday, June 1 to June 30: June dedicated to Old Roman Goddess Juno - partner of Jove (God of Happiness), protector of marriage and family, and punisher of abusive and adulterous spouses.
 
Thursday, June 2: Moon enters Taurus.
 
Friday, June 3: Venus enters Cancer.
                             Sacred Heart of Jesus.
 
Saturday, June 4: Mindfulness Day - Zen Buddhist day for mindfully seeing the interdependence of all things at all times.
                                 Day to mourn the massacre of the peaceful, pro-democracy protesters in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, China
(1989).
                                 Immaculate Heart of Mary.
 
Sunday, June 5: Moon enters Gemini.
                              World Environment Day - A day to mourn the harm done to Mother Earth (past and present), make reparation, and
celebrate Her beauty.
                              Baha'i feast honoring the one Deity as Nur - Light.
                              Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Shiva. Flowers, incense, lamps, and
vegetarian food are offered, bells are rung and drums beaten.
 
Sunday, June 5 eve to June 6 eve: Celebration day for Muhyi ad-Din Ibn El-Arabi (d. 1240), Sufi saint who honored Deity as a unity manifested in all Nature, both genders, and countless forms. 
 
Monday, June 6: New Moon.
                                First appearance of Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal, Compassionate Mother who answers all pleas.
                                Day Tibetan Buddhists meditate on the Buddha's teachings and strive to fulfill the Precepts.
                                Yom Yerushalayim (Jerusalem Day).

Monday, June 6 to June 11: Iroquois Strawberry Ceremony - In thanksgiving for the strawberry harvest. Iroquois consider
themselves kin to all of Nature.
 
Monday, June 6 eve: Old European feast of the Triple Goddess (Goddess of the Moon and the Seasons), marking the transformation of the Virgin into the Mother.
 
Tuesday, June 7 eve to June 8 eve: Skirophorion Noumenia - Old Greek festival honoring all the Gods and Goddesses. Flutes were played, prayers were said, offerings of barley, olive oil, incense, and food were burned in an offering hearth, and libations of water and wine were made.
 
Tuesday, June 7 to June 15: Vestalia - Old Roman festival honoring Goddess Vesta (Greek Hestia). Women made food offerings at the sacred hearths of home and temple.
 
Wednesday, June 8: Remembrance day for Moses de Leon (d. 1305), Kabbalistic mystic. He ardently loved Einsoph, the one universal Deity, made up of the Tetragrammatan (God-Goddess Yod-Heh-Vau- Heh). He also conceived of the one universal Deity
as the Tree of Life.
                                      Death day of Prophet Muhammad (632), mystical Father of Islam.
 
Thursday, June 9: Ascension.
Thursday, June 9 eve to June 10 eve: Feast of Old Greek Goddess Athena - as protector and defender.
 
Friday, June 10: Moon enters Leo.
Friday, June 10 eve to June 11 eve: Feast of Old Greek Deities Aphrodite and Hermes - Day to honor the divine feminine and divine masculine in harmony.
 
Saturday, June 11: Mars enters Aries.
                                    Juno enters Aries.
                                    Birthday of Mordecai Kaplan (1881) - Founder of Reconstructionist Judaism. He perceived Deity to be a
genderless Cosmic Force of Nature, and promoted a Judaism that recognizes gender equality.
                                    Accession of Guru Hargobind Sahib, sixth Sikh guru, commemorated.
 

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Tuesday, June 14: Waxing Quarter Moon.
                                  Uranus goes retrograde.
                                  Day the world's nations committed to sustainable development (1992).
                                  Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu Goddess Maha Devi. Flowers, incense, lamps,
and vegetarian food are offered, bells are rung and drums beaten.
                                  Tibetan Buddhist fast of Bodhisattva Goddess Tara. All are equal in Her circles; She is worshipped with
meditations on mandalas and chanting of mantra.
                                  Beginning of Old Egyptian Shomu/Harvest month of Mesut-Ra/Mesori, dedicated to Neteru Ra and Rait. Priests
and priestesses made offerings to the Neteru (Gods and Goddesses) to ensure that there would be strength and freedom for all.
Friday, June 17: Moon enters Scorpio.
                               Day a fatwa condemned "honor killings" as un-Islamic and banned the practice (2002). An "honor killing" is
the killing of a woman by her relatives because she has been raped, is suspected of sexual activity outside of marriage, is pursuing unauthorized courtship, has refused an arranged marriage, or is seeking a divorce.
                               Day to fast from grains (and meat) and make offerings to Hindu God Vishnu. Flowers, incense, lamps, and
vegetarian food are offered, bells are rung and drums beaten.
                               Day to celebrate Starhawk's work in reclaiming the Goddess and raising Goddess-consciousness. She teaches an
eco-egalitarian form of Wicca. The Wiccan rede is: Do what you will, but harm none.
Tuesday, June 21: Moon enters Capricorn.
                                  Day Unitarian Universalists adopted seven unifying Principles (1985). Unitarian Universalists affirm and
promote the inherent worth and dignity of every person.
                                  Taoist festival honoring Shang-Ti/Heavenly Emperor, Father of Justice and Law, and manifestation of the Te
(Virtuous Inner Power). Also celebrates the peak of the masculine Yang half of the year and the Shen of Fire, South, and Summer. Prayers are made for strength and maturity, and offerings are made to the ancestors. Taoists live simply, respect life, and recognize the equality of all.
                                  Yoruba/Santeria feast of Orisha Babalu Aye, guardian of the disabled.
                 
Wednesday, June 22: Full Moon. Traditionally called "Rose Moon", "Strawberry Moon", "Flower Moon".
                                        Day Mahayana and Tibetan Buddhists do good deeds and chant the name of Buddha God Amitabha/Omito/Amida to
gain entry to His Pure Land and aid in attaining nirvana.
 


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JULY 2005
Named after Julius Caesar in 44 B.C.
Astrological Sign: Cancer (Crab/Scarab, June 21 - July 22)         
                                   Leo (Lion/Lioness, July 23 - August 22)
 
Celestial highlights for the month of July:
Mercury is visible, low in the western evening twilight, in the constellation Cancer, throughout the month.
Venus is visible, low in the western evening twilight, in the constellation Cancer,
crossing into Leo at midmonth.
Mars is the brightest planet in the sky, visible 1:00am to morning twilight, in the
constellation Pisces, throughout the month.
Jupiter is visible, in the southwest evening twilight to midnight, throughout the month.
Saturn is visible, in the evening twilight, July 1 - 5, before slipping behind the sun.
Uranus is visible, with binoculars, in the morning twilight.
The Delta Aquarid meteor showers are visible in the evening sky, radiating from the
direction of constellation Aquarius, July 14 - August 19, peaking on the evening of July 28.

Friday, July 1: Day the world's nations committed to stop proliferation of nuclear weapons (1968). Vigil to protest the production and use of all nuclear weapons world wide.
                            Day endangered species became internationally protected (1975). A day to
celebrate all the world's creatures.
 
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